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and a look at today's headlines from this morning's washington journal. >> headlines says texas and the u.s. lay out voter i.d. arguments. todd gillman joins us my phone now. give us a brief history of this texas law and how it came to arrive in federal court here in washington. >> well, people have been trying to get a federal i.d. law in texas going back at least about 15 years. in fact, at one point as the republican backers of the law that's being challenged i'd like to point out some liberal democrats at one point actually supported the law as well. it passed the texas house in 2005-2007. but died in the senate. eventually in the 2011 legislature there was a rule change that the republicans in the senate engineered to make it easier procedural to get past the blocking that was being done. and it passed. and it is -- excuse me, the justice department is challenging it. texas like a dozen other states and jurisdictions around the country are subject to section five of the voting rights act which requires these jurisdictions to get clearance from the justice department before they make
from texas. perhaps the same-sex marriage case from california and others you are focused on that i'm not. any thoughts on what next term is looking like? >> the case we know is the affirmative action case out of texas. it might bring us full circle. we have a court with five members who are very skeptical of race conscious government practice. while that case has various vehicle problems and comes from a place with a very id owe sin cattic admissions process, that case fisher against texas is a big deal. i would think they will take the case. the federal court struck down a statute. they love to give him the opportunity to get back. i think for same-sex marriage cases, if they had to choose, the case only asks whether they have to track benefits in states where people are already lawfully married. it's not shoving marriage down the throats of anybody but making the federal law congruent to state law in an area where they traditionally governed. it's a simpler question than the prop 8 one. >> i sure agree with that. on the affirmative action thing, the thing to watch is whether it's
that means is if you have a state, let's take texas, for example, where six million texans are uninsured, highest rate in the country. a quarter of their residents don't have health insurance. if they went with the affordable care act and expanded medicaid coverage up to 133%, it would cover 2 million more texans, 2 million, and for the first years, it would be 100% of the federal government expense. going forward, it would be at 90% of federal government expense. so texas decides in their texas way that they do sometimes that they're not going to go with the program. those 2 million people won't be insured and yet they won't qualify for the subsidies in the affordable care act to help them be able to afford insurance on their own. so we'll literally have a situation where the poorest people, the people in the most need, will be totally left out in the cold. bobby jindal has already said in louisiana that he is not, in his state, going to go with the medicaid expansion, and you can imagine that a lot of these republicans are going to make this a litmus issue so that any republican who ha
graduate of southwest texas state teaches college. and he said johnson would always laugh loudly at that. too loudly. and i didn't really understand what lyndon johnson's education, the effect that it had on him, until i went down to the college, found the textbooks that they used, and i said gee, do you like textbooks that you would use in high school in new york. that was his college education. i found a friend of his, joe barry, who later became a professor at bryn mawr, he said, you know, when i got to bryn mawr i realized i couldn't talk to anybody about anything. i felt i had been cheated out of an education. so that's part of lyndon johnson's upbringing. but it also showed me living there just how remarkable were his unique abilities to use the powers of government to improve the lives. while i was interviewing in the hill country, i came to realize that i was hearing the same thing over and over. they would tell me these stories about johnson ruthlessness and his cruelty, often just cruelty for the sake of being cruel. but then i would hear over and over they would say no matter
my friend from texas's concerns, i have to remind everyone that we have achieved a balance in the bill, and it's in the best interest of the bill and successful reform to maintain it. we have taken under consideration to try to achieve the balance and establish the minimum. the bill -- i realize we will fight on the skirmish line all the way back to atlanta, and we will, so with that, i urge my colleagues to oppose this amendment and in the spirit of the ranking member. and his comments i yield. >> and i would remind members this deal has been in the law since 1982. and it has survived the entire contract with america and 12 years of republican control. so, you know, we are willing to reform it, but this is not necessary. so, vote no. >> gentleman yields back, i yield back, seeing any further recognition request, i see none. all in favor of the amendment say aye? >> aye. >> all those saying no say no. >> the nos appear to have it. the nos appear to have it. the nos do have it. amendment number 73 fails. do we have additional amendments for title number four and i would look
from. the place in which he was born and raised. the texas hill country. i've talked about the hill country before, but i don't think you can talk about it too much, particularly in new york city. i saw what that meant growing up there myself, and it was quite a shock. i grew up in new york city, which is this place of fast-paced conversations and busy streets, theaters, and everything else. there was then a 9:00 plane from la guardia to austin. i take that plane, and sometimes when i got off that plane, i felt you rent a car and drive west out of austin into the hill country, and in those days i felt like i was iffing from one end of the earth to the other. i'll never forget the first time i drove out there. about 40 miles out of johnson -- out of austin as you are heading towards johnson city. there's a rise. they call it round mountain, but it's really just a tall hill. as i came to the top, something made me pull my car over to the side of the road to get out on the shoulder and look down in front of me because i was looking at something that i had never seen before in my life.
was a populist legislator, served six terms in the texas house of representatives and he used to say that the proper function of government is to help people caught in the tentacles of circumstance, the tentacles of circumstance, fighting things too big for you to help to fight yourself. joe said that i tried to write about the effect of power on the powerless and the power was used and the powerless and you also tried to write about how power is used for the powerless and now we go forward to 1963. president kennedy was assassinated on november 22nd and lyndon johnson has become president. under president kennedy, there had been some vague, hardly defined early discussions about the anti-poverty program because over one-fifth of the united states and over 33 million people in that year, 1963 was still living below the poverty line. on the day after the assassination, on a saturday, november 23rd at the end of the day lyndon johnson meets in his office in the executive office and he still hasn't moved into the white house with four of president kennedy's economic advisers and he's wi
lady from texas. ms. sheila jackson lee. >> thank you. i thank you to the chair and the ranking member. welcome, director morton. thank you for your service and as well let me offer my concern for the officers who were involved in an incident of violence, to their families, and those who were impacted and to their families and your organization. we must always look to thanking those who are on the front lines for us, and i want to make sure i do so. i believe the work you've been doing is very important, but i never come to an immigration hearing, whether it is judiciary that i serve for however long and here in homeland security, and i call both assignments a privilege. what this country needs is real comprehensive immigration reform so that we're not confusing and juxtaposing benefits and the right opportunity for those who want to immigrate to this country and enforcement -- particularly enforcement against those who would want to do us harm. secure communities certainly has its failures and its value. i think it's important that we try to determine what lessons we have learned and
. >> my first job after college was as a teacher in texas, and a small, mexican-american school. few of them could speech english, and i couldn't speak much spanish. my students were poor, and they often came to class without breakfast, hungry, and they knew even in their youth the pain of prejudice. they never seemed to know why people disliked them, but they knew it was so because i saw it in their eyes. i often walked home late in the afternoon after the classes were finished wishing there was more that i could do, but all i knew was to teach them the little that i knew, hoping that it might help them against the hardships that lay ahead, and somehow you never forget what poverty and hatred can do when you see its scars on the hopeful face of a young child. i never thought then in 1928 that i would be standing here in 1965. it never even occurred to me in my fondest dreams that i might have the chance to help the sons and daughters of those students and to help people like them all over this country, but now i do have that chance, and i'll let you in on a secret. i mean to use it.
. >> yield to the gentlemen from minnesota. >> i thank the gentleman from texas and associate myself with both colleagues, making sure we don't have fraud, waste and abuse in the system. on monday when i was coming out as a spot check, one of these convenience stores in my district, a gallon was $2.29 a bananas under 38 cents. that's significantly under the price and these things evolved into being more than a place for alcohol and tobacco. and this particular convenience store runs its own dairy. this is a small like we're hearing there. i agree with the gentleman and hope we can work on that and move forward. >> yield to the ranking member. >> i don't have any problem but what i'm concerned about, i think what part -- i don't know for sure, but i assume what's driving this is the fraud we've had in the food stamp system has been the biggest problem we've had is with the store, not with the actual food stamp recipients, the stores we're having trouble with the ones who don't have an electronic system where they are just doing, you know, just write down or got an old cash register th
of the subcommittee, congressman cuellar from texas. >> thank you, chairman. thank you for holding this hearing today. i would like to thank also director morton for joining us today. i look forward to his testimony. before we begin, i'd like to express my condolences to the family of the border patrol agent who died in the line of duty on july 6th after an a accident near fort hancock in west texas. i'd also like to wish a quick recovery to hsi special agent colton harrison who was shot in the line of duty. during hargill, texas. they're in hidalgo. and director, i believe you're heading over there to visit the family and him also. i think he was shot there last week. again, thank you for showing. showing in one of the counties i represent. these terrible incidents are a stark reminder of the men and women that law enforcement put their lives on the line every day to make our country more secure. we greatly appreciate their service and sacrifice. the purpose of today's hearing is to examine the status of i.c.e. secure communities program, along with the agency's plan for the secure future of the pro
camp and go somewhere else. many of them would go to canada. but if you're a slave in texas, forget canada, go to mexico. so wherever there's free territory, slaves went and tried to build a life for themselves away from slavery. and i think one of the points i hope that came out in the lecture is that there's clearly a concept of what freedom means and they may not have written letters saying, you know, treatises about the nature of freedom and liberty, but you have to get at it by looking at their actions. [ applause ] >> thank you. >>> tomorrow on washington journal, reuters economics correspondent pedro da cost that discusses the latest job numbers. and senior reporter joan goldwasser talks about the dodd-frank act. and stephanie vance, author of "the influence game." starting at 7:45 eastern live on cspan. >> the life of a sailor included scrubbing the deck in the morning, climbing aloft, whatever the duties assigned, gun drill practice, but by the end of the day, you're ready for some rest. but you don't get a full eight hours of sleep. on a ship like the constitution, it's fo
. and with that -- >> will the gentleman yield? >> i happily yield to the gentleman from texas. >> one other point, mr. chairman. i too would love to have deeper cuts, and in a lot of programs, including this one. but i also recognize that this may very well be our only option -- only realistic chance of getting a bill to the president's desk that has a meaningful reduction in the rate of growth and food stamps. and so while i voted on a stand-alone basis for the reconciliation bill a couple months ago, all of us recognized a chance of actually becoming law, this will become law. if we somehow break the coalition that's put together to get this out of committee tonight, then we will have squandered our one real good chance of getting beyond the $4 billion that's in the senate bill. so i would also encourage my colleagues to consider not supporting this amendment. >> wise words from the gentleman from texas. he yields his time back to me. i yield my time back. the question now on the amendment from the gentleman from kansas, the amendment number 40, is for passage. all those in favor of pass ing amendment number 40, si
slaves to abandon their owners. it occurred in the colonial period to spanish territory. one texas slave holder who, like his contemporaries, had lost hundreds of slaves to the free soil of mexico may have spoken for many slaves when he said the negro, he has got mexico in his head. the knowledge and awareness of free land dom mate the testimony and actions of former slaves. john henry hill called on those he left behind in virginia to follow his historical calling. come, poor distressed men and women come to canada where colored men are free. john clayton echoed these sentiments. a worker in a richmond tobacco factory, clayton escaped with two other slaves, hiding in a small space next to the boiler of a steamer bound for philadelphia. soon after he wrote still, you may rest assured that i feels myself a free man and do not feel as i did when i was in virginia. thanks be to god. i no master into canada but i am my own man. >>> 17-year-old rebecca hall left baltimore in august 1855. she told still, because she simply wanted to be free. to even the most call yule observant slave holder in
the resolution to create the public school system and match it in texas, an african-american from harrison county proposed the legislation in texas to create the public school system. so indeed, robert smalls, again, he is more intimately involved in creating the public school system down in buford county. >> and i want to add one point to dr. dulaney's commentary and that is, there were no wide-spread public schools in south carolina. you do have a few instances where planters or other individuals set up schools for their families. and in some cases, a few cases, african-americans were allowed to attend. but again there weren't any widespread public schools. >> right. in fact, there are public schools in charleston before the war but they were called pauper schools because the feeling was if you had money, you would send your children to private schools. you would not send them to these marginalized public schools. charleston has a number that is above the average and there is a legacy that carries over in charleston today. >> on your question about images there are at least three civil war imag
back the balance of my time. >> thank you. the chair of the full committee, the gentleman from texas, mr. smith. >> thank you, mr. chairman. and mr. chairman, i associate myself with year your opening statement. recent leaks of highly classified information poses serious threat to our national security and put the lives of americans and our allies at risk. national security experts from both republican and democratic administrations have expressed outrage over the leaks and the effect they have on ongoing and future intelligence operations. what sets these leaks apart from other leaks we have seen is that the media reports that many of these have come from highly placed administration officials. if true, this means that administration officials are weakening our national security and endangering american lives. national security operational details exist to meet the covert needs of the intelligence community that protects the american people. as fbi director muller recently testified, "leaks such as this threaten ongoing operations, puts at risk the lives of sources, makes it much mo
-elected in the, for texas in congress in 2002. what's t what's -- once the republicans gain control in texas, they then redrew the lines. you can see many of these districts going all the way from mexico to the austin metro area. and as a result of these -- this districting pup can see all the other funny shapes up here, and here. this is -- this is houston. and i think dallas. that as result of this redistricting plan, something like four or five democrats lost their seats. and the were replaceed by republicans. as it turned out, we'll talk about this when we do the voting rights act. the supreme court struck down this district as violating section 2 of the voting rights act, because it diluted the hispanic vote, but when it came to the aggressive use of partisanship in the drawing of line, the court didn't find it to be unconstitutional. even if it was done in the middle of a decade. one sort of story or lessen to be learned from both cases is that the -- well, there are partisangerrymandering claims in found favor with the court. they're often litigated through other claims. like in the c
duty, building trenches. digging ditches. really hard manual labor, primarily in texas and louisiana. and the monument behind me is a monument to the soldiers of the 62nd and 65th united states colored infantry. in january of 1866, the war was over, these soldiers of the 62nd were about to be mustard out at fort mcintosh, texas and began talking around a campfire, how can we pass this legacy of learning onto the freed man back in missouri? they began to talk about raising money. they pledged money. they gave money. and it was an extraordinary sacrifice. some of these soldiers, privates in the united states, colored infantry were earning as little as a $113 a year. some of them gave $100. almost a year's wages to start this institute. they gave their money and pledges to a second lieutenant, named richard baxter foster, who was a congregationalist minister, educated at dartmouth. in the summer of 1866 when it began to appear that lincoln institute might be established in jefferson city, a local newspaper ran an editorial opposing that move and expressed the fear if jefferson city beca
on "the communicators" on c-span 2. >>> next, tea party activist and former naacp texas chapter president c.l. bryant discusses why he left the democratic party to become a conservative. he was at this event, part of the annual leadership program of the rockies to show his movie entitled "runaway slave." this is about 50 minutes. matt kibbe is the president and ceo of freedom works and has been with citizens for a sound economy for over 15 years, an economist by training, matt kiby is a well-respected national public policy expert, best selling author and political commentator. "newsweek" called kibbe one of the master minds of the tea party politics. his exer per tease has led to frequent appearances on national news shows, including fox news, nbc, abc, cnn, msnbc, fox business, pbs and c-span, dubbed the scribe by "new york daily news," kibbe is co-author with dick armey of the "new york times" best-seller "give us liberty, a apartment manifesto." please help me welcome matt kibbe to lpr to introduce c.l. bryant. [ applause ] >> how you guys doing? does anyone here believe in freedom? d
an a accident near fort hancock in west texas. i'd also like to wish a quick recovery to hsi special agent colton harrison who was shot in the line of duty. director, i believe you're heading over there to visit the family and him also. i think he was shot there last week. again, thank you for show iing. this terrible incident is a reminder of the men and women that put their lives on the line every day to make our country more secure. we greatly appreciate their service and sacrifice. the purpose of today's hearing is to examine the status of i.c.e., security communities program, along with the agency's plan of the future for the program. the department of homeland security and its predecessor agency have operated programs targeting criminal aliens for removal since 1988. today under the secure communities program when participating law enforcement agencies submit the fingerprints for a criminal background check, the fingerprints are now also automatically sent to dhs for i.c.e. to check against them for dhs databases. i know when i was traveling -- my congressional district because i wan
that they really need to increase birth control and there are a lot of clinics. state like texas, states like texas have done the opposite and they have essentially reflected of what people popularly call the red and blue states. but, what people don't actually often register is that only the minority of planned parenthood's services have to do with either abortion, which is a tiny percentage or even contraception, because planned parenthood serves poor people and they provide -- they provide mammograms and do cervical cancer is screening and prostate cancer screening and they teach safe sex as a going along with screeni screening for aids and so on. that is why i say it's part of this idea that we don't want big government spending money on these kinds of things. when of course, what we spend for every poor person that becomes pregnant and has a baby is of course, far greater than what we spend on prevention of it. >> we spent a good deal of time talking about birth control, mainly for women, you talked about the access of condoms. in your book, in your books, and particularly in the morale proper
. i'll yield back, mr. chairman. does anyone seek recognition? the gentleman from texas. mr. conway. >> the gentleman is recognized for five minutes. i would oppose this. adding new complications to a program with limited funds, in my view, is not the right way to go at the time. i also heard my colleague say he wants to increase the program to $35 million. i'm not sheer he said where bewould get the other $10 million in the program. i would ask my colleagues not to support the program. i yield back. >> gentleman yields back. the chair recognizes the other gentleman from texas. >> well, i appreciate -- >> move to strike the last word. >> strike the lard word. thank you. i appreciate the gentleman from new york's interest in broad band. i think it is important to have equal opportunity all over the country to make sure the whole country. i would love to work with you in the future on this issue. this ichb creases the authorization. the i.g. did update that report on february of 2011. it said three things. second point is funding competitive services rather than expanding to services
in america, essays and born to serve. he is completing a book for texas a & m university press. he also combined the traditional role of the am becomic historian and documenting and preserving the african-american experience. please join me in welcoming dr. delaney. >> last but not least is elaine nichols. she is the senior cure rater at the smithsonian institute. she is helping to develop an inaugural exhibition that will be included on the culture floor when the museum opens in 2015. it will focus on a dornment relir religion and performing arts. elaine has an ma degree in public service archeology and an ma in social administration and planning from case western university. please join me in welcoming miss nichols. [ applause ] so we have a wonderful panel and i'm excited to turn it over. go ahead. >> thank you. michael i'm so glad to be here. this evening with my distinguished colleagues and this very auspicious occasion. during the civil war and after the safl war, civil war he was a war hero and would become a political leader with national influence. his life was indeed the stuff
to him. i saw no sign during that convention, when we're all down in texas that he wanted to go and be drafted. >> gill? >> i do think that's right. i can't remember who was on the floor of the convention, i was not there, either. but i do think he was constantly concerned that the party would rebuff him on the war. we all say, if he had only made the speech about the war a couple of weeks sooner, then he had, about vietnam, he would have been elected president. remember, he was on the rise. he only lost by less than one percentage point. but there was a lot of tension. to me, one of the most interesting parts of all of that. he had urged rockefeller to seek the republican nomination. i wonder what would have happened, had rockefeller wound up being the republican? >> rockefeller, i honestly believe rockefeller was his preferred candidate for president of the united states. he brought rockefeller down to the white house in a secret meeting to talk to him about that. >> it's another indication of this weird bipartisanship of lbj. he appreciated talent, no matter which side of the
if you don't pay for it. at least now. >> houston, texas, nancy. independent line. >> caller: good morning. here's a question i have that i'm always curious about. has any study or comparison been done on the amount that it costs for emergency room services for the uninsured versus the amount of the subsidy that will be given with taxpayer money to various people to pay their insurance fees? >> i don't know that offhand. >> well, from a federal government point of view, when the cdl analyzed the health care legislation, they tried to account for all those, and so it's finding it slightly decreased the deficit. the cost of expansion covered by the cut, which included those kinds of effects. rockville, maryland, ben on the democratic line. >> let's suppose enough states the health care costs stay the same and if the extra -- the state received let's say 500 million out of the $10 billion health care budget, then will the hurricane companies sit there and say, okay, well everybody's premium is $40 a month more expensive because the states didn't receive that money. because the people
of the eagle fjord from texas from just the other side of the border are just becoming publicly available and there's oreason no assume that the geology won't work. what there's reason to be somewhat skeptical about is whether a company like pemex can do what the independent entrepreneurial companies of north america can do, and let me be very specific about this. what has allowed this to work and what makes it difficult for this to work in a company like pemex or saudi aramco or even exxon is that the entrepreneurial independents empower people at a significantly low level in the hierarchy, to make decisions about drilling and to experiment on drilling, and this enables the entrepreneurial companies to do things that others can't do. now, what has triggered this clearly was on the natural gas side, what's happening on natural gas is truly important, and cannot be ignored, because we look at the oil balances in north america, we have to think of where natural gas is going to by the end of this decade, almost certainly start displacing oil consumption. one of these, by the way, is in natur
to interview, but i do remember one in particular. brooks was a very powerful member from texas, and you're a populist liberal and not happy with sort of the -- i think he selected -- he didn't have the fire that jack brooks had, and certainly john doar didn't have the fire that jack brooks wanted, and jack brooks sort of led a -- the group that actually involved jerry szekely and a whole team that we had to deal with over the whole course of the inquiry. but i remember one day i got called up from congressman brooks' office, asked to come over. so i went over, and jack brooks had a resume in front of him. jack brooks says, boy, he said -- and he said this gentleman's name who i can't remember at the time. he was on the staff. a young lawyer from yale or something, and he said, do you know so and so? i said, yes, sir. chairman assigned -- he's a member of the staff. he said, boy, do you know where he's from? i said, i'm not sure what school he went to. he said, no, sir. he said, do you know where he was born? i said, no, sir. he said, he was born in beaumont, texas. he says, does that me
consistently focused our resources accordingly. secure communities was launched in harris county, texas, in october of 2008. we have come a long, long way since that time. secure communities is now deployed in every state of the union and fully deployed in every state save alabama and illinois. put another way, secure communities has been deployed to 3,074 of the jurisdictions in the united states. a remarkable achievement in just under four years. i am confident we will complete full deployment in the near future starting with the remaining jurisdictions in alabama when the 11 circuit rules on impending litigation over immigration law. for the first time in our nation's history, we can uniformly identify individuals who are here unlawfully and are subsequently arrested for a crime provided their fingerprints are on file with the fbi and dhs. this fingerprint sharing between the fbi and dhs, itself mandated by congress in 2002, now permits i.c.e. to identify large numbers of criminal offenders subject to removal as well as individuals who have been previously removed or have an outstand
. it also applies to three boroughs in new york city. it applies to arizona and alaska. parts of texas -- all of text texas and parts of california. and so it's unique in than it has this geographic feature that it doesn't apply nationwide. it also requires something of states and localities that no other law requires. if you are covered under the voting rights act, whenever you pass a law with respect to voting, you must get pre-clearance from the department of justice or the u.s. district court for the district of columbia. okay. before that law goes into effect. whether you are moving a polling place or passing a redistricting plan, you have to get permission from the federal government to pass and enforce that law. and the d.c. district court or the doj will decide whether the law has a discriminatory purpose, any discriminatory purpose, and whether it has a retrogressive effect. retrogressive is a term of art in voting rights law that means does it make minorities worse off. okay. and in particular, does it diminish the ability of a racial group to elect their preferred candidates
and texas as indefensible and moved all the resources to the east but that was political suicide, because he's creating a new nation, a civil democracy in which texas is just as entitled to be defended by its army as virginia. he has this practical reality of two few men to defend too much territory, territory that geographically is not favorable to the confederacy in large part and the rivers, especially west of the appalachians, tend to go into the confederacy as natural avenues of invasion, whereas the potomac is a wonderful barrier or briefly was a wonderful barrier in the east. so i don't think he had much choice but to come up with what he called the offensive defensive or the defensive offensive. i never know which it is exactly and i never know what the difference is. i wrote a book about it but i don't know what it's about. [ laughter ] it's essentially the notion of hold everything, spread your forces thin or hold everything to keep the enemy heel from your homeland and as opportunities present themselves as a target of opportunity appears, concentrate forces quickly for a thrust i
called him and said we'd like to come down to texas and see you and sarge shriver, who was one of my vice presidents went down with me. and they met us at the plane. we landed right at the ranch. and the president and lady bird were each driving a golf cart. and sarge went with lady bird. i went with the president. we went up to the house. and a it was a delightful experience. he said now let's get one thing clear, george. you think i'm crazy for keeping us in vietnam all these years. i didn't start that war, but i'm expected to finish it. and i know you think i'm goofy on it. i think you are. so let's not talk about vietnam. and he gave me some good advice. he said, george, if i were you, you've been a great critic of your government the last ten years. if i were you, i would announce for president telling the country how much they have done for you and how much the united states government means to you. tell them about your war days. tell them about what you as a junior senator from south dakota, the debt you feel to the people of the united states. you know, he couldn't have given me b
, western interconnected and texas interconnected. >> right. >> what was the big vision originally? as the grid started to get set up and transmission lines were put in, was there any thought given to the future and what it would look like today? >> there was a lot of thought given but not to the future we have now. the future we have now in most states is an auction system where every day buyers and sellers come together and agree on who's going to generate the electr electrici electricity. if used to be your favorite utility would be soup to nuts, they'd buy the coal, burn the coal, send you the power and charge you for it. now we have one party generating, a different party transmitting, a different party delivering it to your house and billing you for it. the grid has become an open marketplace. nobody really built it with that in mind. we're having trouble adapting it to that purpose. >> let's take a look at more details about the power grid system that serves all lower 48 states, except in hawaii and alaska. >> well, it's not actually our grid. there's no -- >> yeah, that's a
. similarly, if i have a poor person who can qualify and in texas it's very difficult because the state undergovernor perry's mainly about trying to prevent anyone from getting health care, but if they manage to qualify for benefits in the state of texas for health care with a sick family, and they choose not to seek a higher wage job in order to maintain that eligibility for medicaid, that also would appear to be not an indication of a lack of willingness to work, but of an informed decision to try to provide health care protection. we attempted to respond to both types of informed decisions. with the affordable health care act. and over time want the availability, particularly the expansion of access for poor people to health care remove any cliff or disincentive to work to create a new jobs and new businesses and new economic opportunities. >> yes, congressman, i think you're adding precisely the kind of nuance that i tried to reflect in my testimony, which must be brought to these criticisms by my colleagues here on the panel of the implicit tax rates and the affordable care act. th
york, ohio, pennsylvania and texas, not limited to those states, but those are the areas where the key non-attainment conditions exist, but addition, it would help meet regulatory requirements and produce, for example, $3.5 billion in texas, $3.9 in pennsylvania and $2.3 million in ohio. i ask for an adoption of this amendment. >> the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. is there additional request for the gentleman from california? seeks recognition. >> thank you, mr. chairman. >> the gentleman is recognized. -- i would move to strike the last word. i would associate myself from mr. costa's remarks saying these dollars are an effort to allow farmers to deal with some of the burdens and regulations that they are saddled with. we all sat here previous months and meetings when we've tried to reign in and get epa to understand the plight of farmers. farmers are oftentimes are put at severe risk and burden under overregulation by this agency and this helps us comply with some federal mandates and i'd highly recommend that we adopt this measure that mr. costa has brought forward.
in midland, texas, and the church in midland is very efficient. they have link with the other churches in town and they know the folks that need food help and those folks get it. they also know the folks who are trying to scam the system and they work to try to not let that happen as well. we don't have anything nearly that efficient within the program. our colleague mentioned the 3.8% air rate and that means we're wasting the fraud abuses a mere $4 billion, excuse me. that's a sizeable amount of money. >> would the gentleman yield? >> no. and so we're all going have to take a hard vote on this issue and we've looked at it and we've looked at the provisions and some of my colleagues would like to vote to try food stamp spending even more than the 16 that we proposed in this bill and i see it as a compromise to make sure we wind up with a bipartisan bill that comes up out of my committee. so these are targeted reductions that target folks who don't otherwise qualify to be on the programs and i'm hard pressed to offer the future americans that will be picking up the interest on the debt
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